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Asylum procedure

September 25, 2015

The status as asylum applicant is important for obtaining a residence permit, entitlement to benefits and gaining access to the labour market. Here is an outline.

Graphic of the several statuses as asylum applicant

1. Registration and initial allocation

As soon as possible after arrival in Germany, a refugee is registered at the local foreigners authority and allocated to an initial reception centre.

  • Competent authorities: Länder, also Federal Government in future
  • Benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act
  • Labour-market access after three months with approval of the Federal Employment Agency; no labour-market access in initial reception centre (vocational training and employment that meet the conditions for a EU Blue Card do not require approval)
  • Possible skills assessment for early intervention and advice from the Federal Employment Agency after three months at the earliest

2. Application for asylum

The application for asylum is then submitted to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. Initial integration measures are already taken early on for persons with good prospects of remaining in the country.

  • Competent authorities: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (application) and Länder and municipalities (benefits, permits)
  • Benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act
  • Labour-market access after three months with approval of the Federal Employment Agency (vocational training and employment that meet the conditions for a EU Blue Card do not require approval)
  • Language courses for persons with permission to stay with good prospects for remaining in the country, depending on the available places
  • Placement support services benefits via early intervention

3. Recognition

After asylum is granted, refugees have all the rights and obligations of German residents. The aim then is their rapid labour-market integration through language skills development and active labour-market policy.

  • Competent authorities: job centres and local foreigners authorities
  • Active and passive benefits under Social Code II
  • Full labour-market access
  • Integration course, including language course
  • In the case of rejection: obligation to leave the country where not granted temporary suspension of deportation (obstacle to deportation, such as illness, lack of proper documentation)

Overview of labour-mar­ket ac­cess

Overview of labour-market access - Information on ways to gain access to the labour market, cost of living assistance and integration and programme support benefits by asylum status